European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) is a system of academic recognition of studies based on: information on study programs and student achievement, mutual trust units of the university or research institutions of the University, the mutual agreement of the partner institutions of the University and other institutions in the country and abroad which use the credits (points) as a measure of student workload.
Credit transfer system is applied to exercise all study programs at the university and its units have relative numeric value that defines the subject programs, which describe the quantity of student work in relation to the total quantum of work necessary to complete one academic year of the university unit.
Accordingly, the three-year studies of first cycle total need a minimum of 180 credits, for four years’ studies of first cycle require a minimum of 240 credits, the university studies of second cycle accumulate at least 300 credits (including the first + second cycle) and university of third cycle studies accumulate at least 480 credits (first + second + third together).
ECTS was developed by the European Commission with a view to promote the development of cooperations between universities from the Member States of the European Union, EFTA countries and the associated states. Within the cooperation major importance has been attached to student mobility, which has flourished rapidly creating a need for an approved system of common procedures to guarantee academic recognition of study periods abroad.
ECTS provides a simple and transparent way of measuring and comparing study programmes and learning achievements, and transferring them from one institution to another. This is achieved through the use of a common ECTS credit unit and a common ECTS grading scale. In ECTS, 60 credits represent the workload of a year study and 30 credits are given for a semester.